ADHD

by Janna Lim|28-01-2022
Mental Condition

Signs and Symptoms

Inattention

  • Overlooking details, making careless mistakes
  • Have problems sustaining attention in tasks and conversations 
  • Not follow through on instructions and fail tasks, or start tasks but quickly lose focus and get easily sidetracked
  • Have problems with time management and organising tasks and activities
  • Avoid or dislike tasks that require sustained mental effort, such as schoolwork or homework, or for teens and older adults, preparing reports, completing forms, or reviewing lengthy papers
  • Losing things necessary for tasks or activities
  • Be easily distracted by unrelated thoughts or stimuli
  • Forgetful in daily tasks

Hyperactivity-impulsivity

  • Fidgeting and squirming while seated
  • Getting up and moving around in situations when staying seated is expected, such as in the classroom or in the office
  • Running or climbing in inappropriate situations, or in teens and adults often feeling restless
  • Being unable to engage in hobbies quietly
  • Being constantly in motion 
  • Talking nonstop
  • Having trouble waiting his or her turn
  • Interrupting or intruding on others, for example in conversations, games, or activities

Risk Factors

Biological

  • Genes 
  • Smaller areas of certain parts of the brain
  • Males more likely to develop ADHD

Perinatal and prenatal factors

  • Low birth weight
  • Maternal tobacco and alcohol use
  • Nicotine from maternal smoking

Environmental

  • Brain injuries
  • Exposure to lead at a young age

Treatment

Medication

Psychosocial Intervention

Behaviour Therapy

Neurofeedback Therapy

  • Make and keep to routines
  • Make lists for different activities
  • Break large tasks into smaller and manageable steps

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Janna Lim

Therapist Specialist

Janna was our in-house blog writer and therapy specialist. She has supported The Therapy Platform users towards successful therapy experience. She is about to complete Master of Counselling.

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