by Janna Lim|28-01-2022
Mental Condition

Signs and Symptoms


  • Overlooking details, making careless mistakes
  • Have problems sustaining attention in tasks and conversations 
  • Not follow through on instructions and fail tasks, or start tasks but quickly lose focus and get easily sidetracked
  • Have problems with time management and organising tasks and activities
  • Avoid or dislike tasks that require sustained mental effort, such as schoolwork or homework, or for teens and older adults, preparing reports, completing forms, or reviewing lengthy papers
  • Losing things necessary for tasks or activities
  • Be easily distracted by unrelated thoughts or stimuli
  • Forgetful in daily tasks


  • Fidgeting and squirming while seated
  • Getting up and moving around in situations when staying seated is expected, such as in the classroom or in the office
  • Running or climbing in inappropriate situations, or in teens and adults often feeling restless
  • Being unable to engage in hobbies quietly
  • Being constantly in motion 
  • Talking nonstop
  • Having trouble waiting his or her turn
  • Interrupting or intruding on others, for example in conversations, games, or activities

Risk Factors


  • Genes 
  • Smaller areas of certain parts of the brain
  • Males more likely to develop ADHD

Perinatal and prenatal factors

  • Low birth weight
  • Maternal tobacco and alcohol use
  • Nicotine from maternal smoking


  • Brain injuries
  • Exposure to lead at a young age



Psychosocial Intervention

Behaviour Therapy

Neurofeedback Therapy

  • Make and keep to routines
  • Make lists for different activities
  • Break large tasks into smaller and manageable steps

For support:

Follow us at Facebook , Linkedin or Instagram to get quick updates!

Janna Lim

Therapist Specialist

Janna was our in-house blog writer and therapy specialist. She has supported The Therapy Platform users towards successful therapy experience. She is about to complete Master of Counselling.


Suggested Articles

Psychological Effect of Social Media

Read More

Self-isolation with My Young Child

Read More

Psychodynamic Theory

Read More

Person Centred Therapy

Read More