Bipolar Disorder

by Janna Lim|28-01-2022
Mental Condition

Signs and Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

Mania/Hypomania episodes may include:

  • Feeling unusually “high” and optimistic 
  • Exaggerated sense of confidence
  • Decreased need for sleep
  • Unusual talkativeness
  • Racing thoughts; jumping quickly from one idea to the next
  • Distractibility
  • Impaired judgment and impulsiveness
  • Engaging in risky behaviours
  • Delusions and hallucinations (in severe cases)

Depressive episodes may include:

  • Feeling hopeless, sad, or empty
  • Inability to experience pleasure
  • Decreased energy levels
  • Appetite or weight changes
  • Sleep problems
  • Problems concentrating or remembering
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Suicidal thoughts

Types of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar l

  • At least one manic episode
  • May experience depressive episodes

Bipolar ll

  • At least one hypomania and depressive episode
  • Less severe manic episode

Cyclothymic Disorder (Cyclothymia) 

  • Numerous hypomanic and depressive episodes
  • Lasts at least two years in adults and one year in children/adolescents
  • Symptoms are shorter and less severe than mania or depression caused by Bipolar l and Bipolar ll

Other Types

  • Bipolar symptoms that do not match the three categories above 

Risk Factors

Biological

Stress 

Treatment

Medication

  • Mood stabilizers
  • Atypical antipsychotics
  • Antidepressants

Psychotherapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy 

Psychoeducation

Interpersonal and social rhythm therapy

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Janna Lim

Therapist Specialist

Janna was our in-house blog writer and therapy specialist. She has supported The Therapy Platform users towards successful therapy experience. She is about to complete Master of Counselling.

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