Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

by Janna Lim|28-01-2022
Mental Condition


  • At least one re-experiencing symptom
  • At least one avoidance symptom
  • At least two arousal and reactivity symptoms
  • At least two cognition and mood symptoms

Re-experiencing symptoms include:

  • Nightmares
  • Reliving the trauma by having flashbacks

Avoidance symptoms include:

  • Avoiding places or events that remind them of the traumatic event
  • Avoiding thoughts and feelings related to the traumatic incident

Arousal and reactivity symptoms include:

  • Easily startled
  • Aggressive
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Difficulty concentrating

Cognition and mood symptoms include:

  • Memory loss
  • Self blame
  • Having a negative outlook about self and others
  • Lack of interest in once enjoyed activities
  • Detached from friends and family

Risk Factors

  • Living through dangerous or traumatic events
  • Little social support after the event
  • High levels of stress
  • Lack of coping skills
  • History of physical, sexual, or substance abuse



Exposure Therapy

Cognitive Therapy

Somatic Experiencing



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Janna Lim

Therapist Specialist

Janna was our in-house blog writer and therapy specialist. She has supported The Therapy Platform users towards successful therapy experience. She is about to complete Master of Counselling.


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